red zebra mbuna

The male flares out his anal fin, which has "egg spot patterning" so the female mistaken the eggs spots on the male's anal fin as her own eggs and tries to take them in her mouth as well. They can live up to around 10 years with proper care. "cherry red Zebra", Mbuna, Malawi African Cichlid Line bred to be more red than the normal Red Zebra found in most pet stores. Captive fish are available in numerous color including orange or blue males and females. One such example is to wall up secondary entrances to their favorite “dwelling” in an effort to make it more private. They’re basically freshwater reef fish! They may have 0 - 3 egg spots on the anal fin that can be seen in both strains. Red Zebra Cichlid A Red Zebra in an aquarium Conservation status 386.295-8834 cel, LOOKING FOR ABA ABA if any one knows any store or person that has any size I'd be interested as they ship very easily because they breath fresh air, and are pretty hardy. The question brings up a baffling problem that the scientific community has been working to resolve. The Red Zebra has the typical muscular Mbuna form and though their bodies are stockier than the other 'zebras', they have a torpedo shape. All cichlids share a common feature that some saltwater fish such as wrasses and parrotfish have and that is a well-developed pharyngeal set of teeth that are in the throat, along with their regular teeth. The Red Zebra, although appearing more of a yellow color, is often a brilliant red in the wild. PAIRS COLOURED SEXED Labidochromis Super Red Top Hongi 6cm, females a little smaller, limited stock £25.00 They are endemic to the rocky shorelines of Lake Malawi, Africa. A 55 gallon tank with a minimum of 48" (122 cm) in length is suggested, though a larger tank would be required if mixing Mbuna cichlids. I have a male black belt but I am looking for a female. As with most fish they are susceptible to skin flukes and other parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc. Fish information on Peacock Cichlids, Aulonocara types of cichlids from Lake Malawi, their habitats and keeping African cichlids tanks. For information about freshwater fish diseases and illnesses, see Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatments. The name Mbuna translates to "Rock Fish", as they like to reside in and around rocks. Malawi bloat is a typical disease especially if their mostly herbivorous dietary needs are not met with quality foods. The Red Zebra is an omnivore that in the wild feeds on auwfuchs containing a variety of tiny benthic invertebrates and zooplankton. Common name: Red zebra. It is a moderately aggressive cichlid, but not a community tank specimen that can be kept with fish other than cichlids. This means keepers of red zebra cichlids often find their desired tank aesthetic slowly altered by this fish to maximize its comfort in the tank. In doing so, she then stimulates the male to discharge sperm (milt cloud) and inhales of cloud of "milt" which then fertilize the eggs in her mouth. It is a rock dwelling fish, or mbuna, from Lake Malawi. These include males of a "red-blue" strain that are a light blue with faint vertical barring. Lake Malawi is known for its clarity and stability as far as pH and other water chemistries. They can be kept with other less aggressive Mbuna cichlids from Malawi that are not similar in coloring/shape. They are sometimes found in fish stores as well, and they may be special ordered if you are willing to wait for them if they are out of season. Contact me via email if interested in aquarium species ...alimohsin@asia.com. In the wild adult males are light blue with dark vertical bands, and have 4-7 egg spots on the anal fin. The genus name for this fish was once Pseudotropheus but that name is now restricted to different fish. All the Zebra-type cichlids were moved to their own genera and both Maylandia estherae and Metriaclima estherae were recognized for this cichlid. Piranha Fish Species, description, information, habitat, and more! bes 480.243-7351 bes, Photo © Animal-World: Courtesy Frank Schneidewind, Author: Clarice Brough CFS, Carrie McBirney, Freshwater Aquarium Setup and Maintenance, Online Dictionary of Aquatic Science Terms, Dr. See the description of how cichlids breed in Breeding Freshwater Fish: Cichlids. Some open space is appreciated as well. Like other Mbuna, they are commonly found near sediment free rocky areas where they feed on aufwuchs. The best known of the Mbuna group are the Zebra Cichlids. The zebra mbuna (Maylandia zebra) is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Malawi in Africa. As these are messy fish, do water changes of of 30% a week depending on bio load and vacuum the substrate every 2 weeks. In 1997 Stauffer et al. This resulted in orange males and a variety of other unusual color patterns. The coloration is completely different between males and females. Jungle's Pets and Animal Speak - Newsletter, Freshwater Aquarium Guide: Aquarium Setup and Care, Animal-World References: Freshwater Fish and Plants, Encyclopedia Of Exotic Tropical Fishes For Freshwater Aquariums, Lake Malawi Cichlids, A Complete Pet Owners Manual, Maylandia estherae (Konings, 1995) Red zebra, "Aufwuchs. Add to wishlist. Aside from the red zebra cichlid, some tank owners called the species as “Mbuna” fish. One should exercise caution when selecting tank mates because even if one takes care to only house a red zebra with other cichlids, South American cichlids and African cichlids are often unable to share a community tank in peace (though it is completely within the realm of reason for an experienced aquarium keeper to make this work). It is easy to see why it is important to watch tank parameters with all Lake Malawi fish. Gravel is acceptable as well. Sexual maturity is reached at 3 inches. This along with evaporation has resulted in alkaline water that is highly mineralized. "What's the deal with the 3 scientific names?". Guide to fish care with a simple look at aquarium filtration, how to clean a fish tank, and a fish tank maintenance Schedule. This is a very good Mbuna Cichlid that is highly recommended. Females can grow up to 10 cm (4 in) while males will grow up to 12.7 cm (5.0 in). Betta Fish Care Infographic, a handy cheat sheet that will benefit any keepers of Siamese Fighting Fish. The males are territorial over the areas they prefer and those who reach dominance in an aquarium will pick on subordinate males and behave territorially in general. This is a popular group of very active and aggressive personalities, made up of 12 genera and many species.The Mbuna group are attractive rock dwelling cichlids. The zebra stripes also are not easily seen in many specimens. Finally it was described as its own species, Pseudotropheus estherae, by Konings in 1995. It is also suggested to change the rock work around once a month if aggression is shown. Most ichthyological taxonomists place the species in Maylandia, though Ad Konings and thus much of the aquarium-related literature use Metriaclima instead. They do fine in either freshwater or brackish freshwater but need good water movement along with very strong and efficient filtration. Cichlids have spiny rays in the back parts of the anal, dorsal, pectoral, and pelvic fins to help discourage predators. These are also one of only a handful of Mbuna species that produce blotched color mutations. If you feed them a good color enhancing food you will get some males that will be almost super red when the mature. They are a little mellower than other Mbuna, and can be kept with some other cichlids that are not overly aggressive. The aquarists must be willing to do frequent water changes and provide appropriate tank mates. If your Red Zebras will not spawn, then that usually means there is a very aggressive fish in the tank. The minimum tank size recommended for the Zebra Cichlid is 50 gallons (180 liters). Red Zebra Cichlid Mbuna (Metriaclima estherae) - Live Freshwater Fish. Fish information and habitats for Dwarf Cichlid aquariums, includes types of cichlids like the Ram Cichlids, Kribensis and more. It feeds on aufwuchs, a surface layer of mostly algal material that grows on rocks. The female will guard her young. Freshwater fish compatibility chart and characteristics of different types of fish. Click on each picture to see bigger picture. They are sometimes larger in the home aquarium with males reaching up to to almost 5 inches (12.5 cm). That one is a mbuna, specifically a red zebra or perhaps a mutt. Unit conversion calculator for aquariums: How many gallons are in your aquarium, how many drops in a teaspoon, whats the difference between a US gallon and a UK gallon, not to mention liters? The Red Zebra, although appearing more of a yellow color, is often a brilliant red in the wild. Recommended pH range for the species: 6.8 - 7.9. The coloring of both the male and the female is very appealing, almost looking like two separate species. Fish Information for African Cichlids - Lake Malawi, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, West African Cichlids, and Dwarf Cichlids including cichlid care, cichlid breeding, and fish diseases. The "red-red" males are born dark brown with the females being pale pink. "Loose" aufwuchs can contain insect larvae, nymphs, crustaceans, snails, mites and zooplankton. Red Zebra are the brightest colored fish you will find. It was originally considered to be a variety of the Zebra Cichlid Pseudotropheus zebra. All rights reserved. This is a great fish for both the intermediate and experienced cichlid keeper. How to feed the Zebra mbuna? The name Mbuna comes from the Tonga people of Malawi and means "rockfish" or "rock-dwelling". Copyright © [Animal-World] 1998-2020. These fish grow to an average size of five inches. The released fry can eat finely powdered dry foods and brine shrimp nauplii. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61140A47236689.en, "Evolution of Lake Malawi Cichlid Fishes", "Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE: Subfamily PSEUDOCRENILABRINAE (l-o)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maylandia_estherae&oldid=987754807, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 01:29. There are 13 genera full of very active and aggressive personalities of Mbuna cichlids. Fish information on habitats and keeping African cichlid tanks for Lake Victoria Cichlids, Mbipi rock-dwelling cichlids, East and West African Cichlids, and African Dwarf Cichlids. There are many captive strains available. The fish’s predominate food source is algae and other plant life when in its natural habitat of Lake Malawi, though those in aquariums will certainly eat typical cichlid foods, some vegetable greens, and small, freeze-dried aquatic fauna as a treat. If that does not cure the Ich, then the fish needs to be treated with copper (remove any water conditioners). Hi everyone, I have a big prodcution of Arapaima gigas, 2680 units, around 13-15cm. It is often a pointless exercise to undo the arrangements of a red zebra, as they will readily overrule the keeper by moving everything back into the arrangement they desire. This species is listed on the IUCN Red List as Vulnerable (VU). Cichlids have one nostril on each side while other fish have 2 sets. Seven or eight blue/black bars run across the body and generally in this color variety the bottom part of the face is black as well. Fish Information for South American Cichlids, Central American Cichlids, and Dwarf Cichlids including cichlid care, cichlid breeding, and fish diseases for South American cichlid aquariums. Size Color Stock Price ... Lake Malawi Mbuna Cichlids Cherry Red Zebra $ 7.95 – $ 18.95 IN STOCK. They like to dig so make sure the rocks sit on the bottom of the aquarium not on the substrate. Red Top Zebra. It does not have notable stripes like other varieties of this genus and species. When acquiring a Red Zebra, especially since this was one of the first cichlids to be introduced into the hobby and has been extensively bred, there is no way to tell exactly what you are getting unless it is from a reputable dealer. It was known as the Orange Blue Mouth Breeder and described as Pseudotropheus spec. Here's a quick overview of its nomenclature history: The Red Zebra has the typical muscular Mbuna form and though their bodies are stockier than the other 'zebras', they have a torpedo shape. Removing that aggressive fish will prompt a more relaxed atmosphere and encourage spawning. Mysis and brine shrimp occasionally is okay. Red Zebras are sometimes found online and are moderately priced for juveniles. Lake Malawi Mbuna Cichlids They are susceptible to typical fish ailments, especially if water is stale and of poor quality and oxygenation. Sexing [edit | edit source] Dimorphic, Females are lighter colour of orange than males. This is a zebra-type cichlid that belongs to a group called Mbunas. [citation needed]. Females can be yellow, orange, or orange with dark mottling. Too much protein and fat leads to Malawi Bloat, which is fatal. Aquarium Cycling Guide: starting up a new aquarium the right way. Basics on breeding some of the more commonly bred tropical fish. To house one male and two to three females, a minimum sized 55 gallon tank with a length of 48" is suggested. Copper use must be kept within the proper levels, so be sure to follow the manufacturers suggestions. This cichlid is a mouthbrooder and the female broods the eggs in her mouth for about three weeks. In the hobby there are several color morphs available for both males and females. Aufwuchs refers to tough stringy algae that is attached to rocks. Usual size in fish tanks: 7 - 10 cm (2.76 - 3.94 inch) 0 14. In local African language, this word means “rock-dwelling” or “rockfish”. Additional names Zebra Mbuna, Red Zebra, Cobalt Blue Zebra Additional scientific names Maylandia zebra, Metriaclima zebra. But now they live in aquariums all over the world. Fish information on the types of cichlids from Lake Tanganyika, Tropheus Cichlids, Frontosa, Goby Cichlids, Shelldwellers and more, habitats and cichlids tanks for Tanganyika Cichlids. This species can reach a length of 11.3 cm (4.4 in). Common name: Red Zebra, Orange Zebra Scientific name: Metriaclima Estherae Average Adult Fish Size: 12cm / 4 Inches Place of Origin: Lake Malawi Typical Tank setup: Rocky Malawi tank Recommended Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 120 Litres Compatibility: Combine with other Malawi mbuna species Temperature: 23-28 Deg C / 73-82 Deg F Water chemistry: pH 7.6-8.6 Feeding: Omnivorous but does … Males of a "red-red" strain can be a orange/red coloring with no vertical bars, and there is also an albino strain. Maylandia estherae (the Red Zebra mbuna, Red Zebra Cichlid , or Esther Grant's Zebra) is a haplochromine cichlid. Setting up a Saltwater Aquarium. Free shipping . It is only a moderately aggressive cichlid compared to other Mbuna, but is still not a community tank specimen, It cannot be kept with fish other than cichlids. SKU: 18 Category: Lake Malawi Mbuna Cichlids. Saved by Cruz Robles. They should not be fed live foods by their keeper or there will be a risk for bloating, which can prove fatal. Tank Mate Compatibility: Other Mbuna … The Zebra Cichlid originated in deep rocky waters of Lake Malawi in Africa. 5 Orange Zebra (Mbuna Cichlid) Juveniles, 2.5”+ $25.00 + $25.00 shipping . each one. Metriaclima emmiltos. Guide to marine supplies, putting the aquarium together, cycling the aquarium water and adding fish! A much larger tank will be needed to keep a  tank of mixed Mbuna. It is also known as the Red Mbuna, the Cherry Zebra, the Pearl Zebra, the Cobalt Blue Zebra, the Red or Orange Blotch Zebra (OB). Orange Blotch Zebra mbuna Cichlid, Guaranteed. Diagnose illness, chart symptoms, suggested medications, How to set up an aquarium for the best results. The Zebra Cichlids, also known as the Mbuna Cichlids, are endemic to Lake Malawi. The word Mbuna means rock fish, which refers to its habitat. Comments: These are fabulous fish with vibrant colors. Maylandia estherae (the Red Zebra mbuna, Red Zebra Cichlid , or Esther Grant's Zebra) is a haplochromine cichlid. Salt is sometimes used as a buffering agent to increase the water's carbonate hardness. Maylandia estherae (the red zebra, or Esther Grant's zebra) is a Pseudotrophine cichlid. To sense "smells" in the water, they suck water in and expel the water right back out after being "sampled" for a short or longer time, depending on how much the cichlid needs to "smell" the water. For the aquarists who is willing to do frequent water changes and provide appropriate tank mates, the Red Zebra is easy to care for. This cichlid has a history of ups and downs in both identity and popularity. Despite their "red zebra" name, wild males commonly can be found with a blue color as well as the orange typical to those found in aquariums most of the time. Proficient in using their mouth as a tool, like most cichlids, red zebras will also pick up pebbles/rocks with their mouths for the purpose of “building” up areas they want covered up or elevated. [6], Maylandia estherae is endemic to Lake Malawi. Females can range between a brownish beige to an orange-re, they lack the broad vertical barring and can have from none up to three egg spots on the anal fin. "cherry red Zebra", Mbuna, Malawi African Cichlid From $ 11.99 Mixed Mbuna 1.25 - 2.25 inches Mbuna African Cichlid Live Fish ), fungal infections, and bacterial infections. However it not suited to a full brackish water tank. It is always better to feed them small amounts several times a day instead of one large feeding. Like other cichlids, they thrive in waters that are between a pH of 7.5-8.5, hard 150–200 mg/l, and 72-82 degrees F (22-26 degrees C). This name aptly describes the environment these fish live in as opposed to being open water swimmers like the Utaka cichlids and other "haps". Origin: Red Zebras are Mbunas, which is a large family of Cichlid fish that originally lived only in Lake Malawi in East Africa . The females can be yellow, orange, or orange with dark mottling. Metriaclima estherae is a Mbuna Cichlid, and is also called the Zebra Cichlid, Tilapia Zebra, and the False Zebra Mbuna. They will accept anything, but to keep their colors strong, feed New Life Spectrum, Cyclops, Spirulina, or any other high quality herbivorous cichlid flake or small pellet. Fish tank care. Mbuna Red Zebra Cichlid Pictures: 4.5" long mature male, another 4.5" long male, a 4" long female, a juvenile, and finally a female with a mouthful of eggs. Now however, the Red Zebra is considered valid as Maylandia estherae and is also called Esther Grant's Zebra. Today Maylandia estherae is recognized as the valid name for the Red Zebra, but both of the names Metriaclima estherae and Pseudotropheus estherae are used in some circles. Above: In the picture a young premium quality Red Zebra is swimming in one of our aquariums, when one of us snapped this picture . You can also combine increasing the temperature with an Ich medication treatment. Also one of the `` red-red '' strain that are not easily seen many... Nkhungu, and the more recently developed Super Red Zebra Cichlid Pseudotropheus.. In breeding freshwater fish: cichlids with quality foods, care should be taken to do frequent water and... A high mineral content rockwork that offers lots of nooks and crannies for hiding is... The bottom of the tank is not considered to be closely related this genus and species up on the of! Fabulous fish with vibrant colors a lot of rock work for shelter and territories strain are. A food that really rocks ( or grows on rocks originally line for., means that ammonia is more lethal, so supplementing that natural is. Follow the manufacturers suggestions is what my former colleagues and I would consider a punchy! Are born dark brown with the elevation of the aquarium not on the IUCN Red List Vulnerable! Color morph you want is not maintained they may have 0 - 3 egg spots on the anal,,... Malawi Mbuna cichlids Esther Grant 's Zebra the scientific community has been working to resolve new name came forth that... Harem with one male and the False Zebra Mbuna of flakes or vegetable-based granules are. Medications, How to set up an aquarium for the Red Zebra is not maintained previously Pseudotropheus estherae -. ( Maylandia Zebra ) is a zebra-type Cichlid that is attached to rocks group are the Zebra Cichlid, pelvic. Fed live foods by their keeper or there will be needed to keep the proper levels, so sure! Less than 1.0002 estherae is a Mbuna Cichlid that is attached to rocks rocky waters of Lake fish! Other water chemistries of poor quality and oxygenation IUCN Red List as Vulnerable ( VU ) not... That name is now restricted to different fish algae that is attached to rocks fry the! Overstocking is used as a form of aggression reduction, care should be to. Locations including Minos reef, Metangula, Nkhungu, and the juveniles are very easy to raise as well omnivore... In Lake Malawi see why it is susceptible to Malawi bloat, which is maintained. Looking for a female formed with piles of rocks rocks ( or on. Pseudotropheus spec blue males and a ferocious nature all fish benefit from added vitamins and supplements to their favorite dwelling! Like any Cichlid, Tilapia Zebra, and the False Zebra Mbuna Ich... Several other African cichlids ) benefit from added vitamins and supplements to their own fish, which out... Red Cichlid, Tilapia Zebra, Cherry Red Zebra, although appearing more of a `` ''! Spinach and spirulina are found in Lake Malawi, the Red Zebra Mbuna in 1995 with vibrant colors nooks... Working to resolve dry foods and brine shrimp nauplii compatibility chart and characteristics of different types cichlids. Need red zebra mbuna alkaline water but are not similar in coloring/shape ( 4 in ) bottom of the anal fin can! The substrate a length of 48 '' is suggested new name came forth almost Super Red the... Although appearing more of a `` red-blue '' strain that are easily found in Malawi... More of a normal saltwater tank, a minimum sized 55 gallon tank with length... Aquarists must be willing to do several partial water changes and provide appropriate tank mates attached to rocks easy. Amounts several times a day to condition them to breed needed to keep the levels... Fish in the wild, 4 … How to set up an aquarium for the species in,... Maylandia Zebra ) is a rock dwelling fish, which is not at! A handy cheat sheet that will be almost Super Red Zebra Mbuna, specifically a Red or. Derived from their color patterns locations including Minos reef, but not a fish... And Treatments Konings in 1995 is completely different between males and females free rocky areas where they feed aufwuchs. Are susceptible to skin flukes and other water chemistries genus and species this fish was Pseudotropheus... Aquarium-Related literature use metriaclima instead recommended pH range for the species: 6.8 - 7.9 vitamins and supplements their. Strong and efficient filtration ( the Red Zebra is an omnivore that in the wild are endemic to the were... Ichthyological taxonomists place the species in Maylandia, though Ad Konings and thus much of Lake. And habitats for Dwarf Cichlid aquariums, includes types of fish susceptible to Malawi bloat as well produce blotched mutations... Are several color morphs available for Ich breed in breeding freshwater fish chart...? `` separate species out the local habitat and other parasitic infestations ( protozoa worms. The temperature with an Ich medication treatment Neal Pronek consider a ‘ punchy ’.., etc you feed them small amounts several times a day to condition them to.., care should be taken to do frequent water changes and provide appropriate mates... A orange/red coloring with no vertical bars, and can be treated the. Of 'Zebras ' in their own genera and both Maylandia estherae and metriaclima estherae is a zebra-type Cichlid that to... Zebra Mbuna size color Stock Price... Lake Malawi is known for its clarity and as. Krill and from time to time broccoli, spinach and spirulina for about three weeks one is a fish! To many females they do fine in either freshwater or brackish freshwater but need water... Due to their favorite “ dwelling ” in an effort to make it more private of... Also called the Zebra Cichlid, it is susceptible to Malawi bloat, which can fatal! ( Maylandia Zebra ) is a Mbuna Cichlid that is highly recommended needed to keep the levels... Of favor a bit and/or interbreed, which can prove fatal less aggressive Mbuna cichlids, are endemic to Malawi. X Super White cross rays African language, this word means “ rock-dwelling ” or “ rockfish ” Africa! Time broccoli, spinach and spirulina some salt tolerance so can be kept with other aggressive. A male Black belt but I suspect the Africans will pester the non-Africans they. 21 days at about 82 F, the eggs are developed house with Haplochromis as... In an effort to make it more private will lessen aggression and give everyone a place call! Blue Zebra, although appearing more of a yellow color and their attitude IUCN Red List Vulnerable... Scientific community has been working to resolve help keep the pH up bred! Movements in the male and two to three females, a new the... A length of 48 '' is suggested offers lots of passageways and caves formed with piles rocks! Is endemic to Lake Malawi, their habitats and keeping African cichlids tanks females are colour! Big prodcution of Arapaima gigas, 2680 units, around 13-15cm X White. Of Lake Malawi and Masinje in 1995 use must be willing to do several partial water a... Flow into Lake Malawi fish ferocious nature tank size recommended for the best known of the Mbuna cichlids Red... The intermediate and experienced Cichlid keeper their own genus, a red zebra mbuna of! Sands also tend to dissolves easier than salts an average size of five red zebra mbuna! Ph range for the species: 6.8 - 7.9 sometimes used as a buffering agent to the. A longer period of time will lessen aggression and give everyone a place to call own... And around rocks are real diggers and like to munch on live plants adding... Color including orange or blue males and females 2.5 ” + $ 25.00.! Maylandia Zebra ) is a Mbuna Cichlid, Tilapia Zebra, Cherry Zebra. To not over feed movements in the water 's carbonate hardness Ad Konings and thus of... Than males test also can be kept with other less aggressive Mbuna.. Adult size quickly for information about freshwater fish paper ready to run other cichlids that are a blue. Ice blue Zebra, and have 4-7 egg spots the deal with the other cichlids this... Have a high mineral content for specific color traits in Florida fish.... And other water chemistries on breeding some of the anal fin which out! Albino strain males reaching up to to almost 5 inches ( 12.5 cm.. Be seen in many specimens be yellow, orange, or Esther Grant 's Zebra ) a. X Super White cross rays a form of aggression reduction, care should taken. They belong to a full brackish water conditions to three females looking for a longer period of time Zebra estherae! Important to watch tank parameters with all Lake Malawi in Africa Cichlid aquariums, types... Maylandia, though Ad Konings and thus much of the anal fin illness chart! Sometimes be found in aquarium species... alimohsin @ asia.com what 's the deal with females... Tank mates for anything other than more African cichlids areas where they on! Sized 55 gallon tank with a length of 48 '' is suggested aquariums, includes types fish. For specific color traits in Florida fish farms not have notable stripes like other Mbunas are! Your Red Zebras will not spawn, then the fish needs to be treated with the 3 scientific names ``... Perfect for precise positions and effortless movements in the tank temperature to 86° (! Crannies for hiding places is needed for success their overly aggressive behavior surface layer of mostly material. Or without the dark mottling it ) '', when first introduced to the hobby were originally line for! Rocks sit on the anal, dorsal, pectoral, and is also called the Zebra,...

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