krishna avatar wiki

Dashavatara (Sanskrit: दशावतार, daśāvatāra) se refiere a diez avatares de Vishnu, el dios hindú de la preservación.Vishnu se dice que desciende en forma de un avatar para restaurar el orden cósmico. Vishnu discovers the theft. El bebé se arrastró gateando y arrancó de cuajo dos árboles. [49], The Brahma Purana states that Vishnu took the form of a rohita fish when the earth in the netherland to rescue the Vedas. 1 En cambio, según el krishnaísmo, Krishna es la forma principal de Dios, de quien emanan Vishnú y los demás dioses (como Shiva y Brahma). Srimad Bhagavatam mentions 22 Avatars of Krishna from (1-3-6) to (1-3-25). Vishnu as Matsya slays the demon Shankha. Furthermore, Krishna also appears in His name, specifically as the Hare Krishna mantra, so that in these troubled times, Kali Yuga just by chanting the holy name of God anyone can come to know Krishna. Los nombres de Krishna como en el Hare Krishna maha-mantra, son tambien considerados como Sus avatares primarios. The Vedas are then returned to Brahma. [48], Another account in the Padma Purana mentions that a demon son of Kashyapa called Makara steals the Vedas from Brahma and hides them in the cosmic ocean. Las primeras representaciones pictóricas generalmente lo muestran como negro. The fish once again has a horn, but the gods gift a ship to Manu. In later versions, Matsya slays a demon who steals the sacred scriptures - the Vedas and thus lauded as the saviour of the scriptures. [37][38] While listing the Puranas, the Agni Purana states that the Matsya Purana was told by Matsya to Manu at the beginning of the kalpa. A cult of fish-gods arose in these regions with the fish-saviour motif. Según la tradición, ese era el color de la piel del dios, aunque en las figuraciones artísticas su piel suele ser de color azul. Krisna se casó con ellas y las acogió en su nuevo palacio, ofreciéndoles un lugar respetuoso en la sociedad. The fish tells him about the impending fiery end of kalpa accompanied with the pralaya as a deluge. [80] The Vishnudharmottara Purana prescribes worship for Matsya for grain. [76], Even if the idea of the flood myth and the fish-god may imported from another culture, it is cognate with the Vedic and Puranic cosmogonic tale of Creation through the waters. En la casa donde quedó Krisna, ya había un bebé, que sería su hermano mayor, Balaram. The fish rapidly outgrows the sea. Tuvo un papel importante en la lucha por el trono de la ciudad de Jastinápur (fundada por el rey Jastin, de la dinastía lunar) cuando se volvió amigo y aliado de los Pándavas (los cinco hijos de Pandu). The Puranic Manu is described to be in South India. The Bhagavata Purana states that this knowledge was compiled as a Purana, interpreted as an allusion to the Matsya Purana. In this context, the fish denotes Agni - God as well as sacrifice flames. Frecuentemente se le representa tocando alguna de sus flautas traveseras, atrayendo y fascinando a las gopis (pastoras) púberes de Vrindávan. Según un ensayo presentado recientemente en una convención en, Letra de la canción «śrīkr̥ṣṇāṣṭōttara śatanāmāvalī», https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Krishna&oldid=130408155, Nombres de la deidad suprema en el hinduismo, Wikipedia:Artículos con pasajes que requieren referencias, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores VIAF, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores GND, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores LCCN, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. un tipo de demonio o espíritu de la oscuridad. The story of a great deluge is found in many civilizations across the earth. Krishna depicted holding Govardhan Hill. Often described as the first of Vishnu's ten primary avatars, Matsya is described to have rescued the first man Manu from a great deluge. Krishna became the focus of numerous devotional cults, which have produced a wealth of poetry, music, and painting. El mismo Krishna declara: «Siempre que la rectitud decae y aumenta la injusticia, yo me manifiesto; y para la protección de los virtuosos, la destrucción de los viciosos y el restablecimiento de la rectitud, yo encarno de era en era» (Bhagavad-gītā, capítulo IV, versos 7-8). In the journey towards the mountains, Manu asks questions to Matsya and their dialogue constitutes the rest of the Purana. In a prayer in the Bhagavata Purana, Matsya is invoked for protection from the aquatic animals and the waters. The Agni Purana prescribes Matsya be depicted zoomorphically. Krisna es un adolescente púber eternamente de unos 13 años, por ello foco de devoción (es llamado «el amante», «el completamente atractivo», «el flautista»). The king is asked to collect every species of animal, plant and seeds as well as the seven sages in a boat. Según el sanscritólogo británico Monier Monier-Williams (1819-1899), el término sánscrito krishna significa: Según la canción tradicional hinduista Sri Krisna astóttara-shata namavali[28]​ Kalki (the mighty worrior- Hasn't been born yet) The last Avatar is yet to appear, and in many versions of the mythology, the ninth incarnation is mentioned as Lord Buddha. Manu recognizes Vishnu in the fish. [52], The Purusottama-Ksetra-Mahatmya of Skanda Purana in relationship of the origin of the herb Damanaka states that a daitya (demon) named Damanaka tormented people and wandered in the waters. [69], In the anthropomorphic form, the upper half is that of the four-armed man and the lower half is a fish. Krisna, junto con Arjuna, fue responsable de incendiar el bosque de Khandava para alimentar a Agni, el dios del fuego. [17], The tale of Matsya appears in chapter 12.187 of the Book 3, the Vana Parva, in the epic Mahabharata. [70] In another configuration, he might have all four attributes of Vishnu, namely the Sudarshana chakra, a shankha, a gada (mace) and a lotus. La unión de Krisna y Radha, muy celebrada en templos y fiestas de toda India, representa la unión del Divino con el alma. [50][87][51] A temple to Machhenarayan (Matsya) is found in Machhegaun, Nepal, where an annual fair is held in honour of the deity. The deluge symbolizes dissolution of universe (pralaya); while Matsya "allegorizes" the Creator-god (Brahma or Vishnu), who recreates the universe after the great destruction. De acuerdo con la mayoría de los diccionarios estándar, la palabra krishna se traduce como ‘negro’ en sánscrito. In the water is a tiny fish. [50][51] The Krishna-centric Brahmavaivarta Purana states that Matsya is an avatar of Krishna (identified with Supreme Being) and in a hymn to Krishna praises Matsya as the protector of the Vedas and Brahmins (the sages), who imparted knowledge to the king. La Luna menguante es llamada Krishna Paksha, refiriéndose al adjetivo "oscureciente".El nombre también se interpreta en ocasiones como "totalmente atractivo". Thus, matsya meaning the "joyous one". Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion — at that time I descend Myself. Según el tratado de astronomía Aria-bhattíia, del matemático Aria Bhatta (476-550), la era duápara iuga terminó y kali iuga comenzó el 18 de febrero del 3102 a. C. a las 14 h 27 min 30 s. Sin embargo no está decidido si kali iuga comenzó: Krisna reinó a los iadus en Dwáraka con sus 16 108 esposas (que incluían a Rukmini y SatiáBhama). Aunque Devaki y Vasudeva trataron de no tener hijos (para evitar que este muriera), tuvieron uno cada año. Matsya may be depicted as a giant fish or anthropomorphically with a human torso connected to the rear half of a fish. Join Facebook to connect with Krishna Avatar and others you may know. Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. [29], In the Garuda Purana, Matysa is said to rescued the seventh Manu Vaivasvata Manu by placing him in a boat from the great Deluge. En sánscrito significa ‘negro’ u ‘oscuro’. Esta página se editó por última vez el 27 oct 2020 a las 00:23. On the predicted day, Manu visits the fish with his boat. Actualmente ahora existe un templo (Krisna Yanma Bhumi) donde los hinduistas creen que estaba la celda del rey Kamsa. [42], The Garuda Purana states that Matysa slew Hayagriva and rescued the Vedas as well as the Manu. The danger passes. While carrying them to safety, the fish avatar teaches the highest knowledge to the sages and Satyavrata to prepare them for the next cycle of existence. Manu accepts the request. En India todo el mundo conoce los cuentos acerca de su infancia en los bosques de Vrindavan. Then he prepares a ditch filled with water, and transfers him there where it can grow freely. [9][11][12][13], According to Bonnefoy, the Vedic story is symbolic. He descends to earth in the form of a little saphari fish, or the Matsya avatar. Satyavrata becomes Vaivasvata Manu and is installed as the Manu of the current kalpa. When the great flood begins, Manu ties the cosmic serpent Shesha to the fish's horn. Se relaciona con palabras similares en otros idiomas indoeuropeos. Una de las historias más populares de India es la del bebé-dios Krishna khir-chor (‘el ladrón de mantequilla’), que le roba (chora) a su madre la mantequilla (khīra) recién hecha. [note 1] King Manu renounces the world. Basado en su nombre, Kris… [8][20][21], The key difference between the Vedic version and the Mahabharata version of the allegorical legend are the latter's identification of Matsya with Brahma, more explicit discussion of the "laws of the Man" where the weak needs the protection from the strong, and the fish asking Manu to bring along sages and grains. Manu is asked by the fish, in the Shatapatha Brahmana version, to build a ship and be in it with Saptarishi (seven sages) and all sorts of seeds, on the day of the expected deluge. Manu places him in the jar. It mentions Vaivasvata Manu only collecting all seeds (not living beings) and assembling the seven sages similar to the Mahabharata version. Not to be confused with Godly Incarnation. El autor del Bhagavata-purana (siglo XI d. C.) consigna por primera vez una fecha de nacimiento de Krisna: la medianoche del rójini naksatra (el octavo día después de la luna nueva del mes de śravana o bhadrapada). Es contrastado con su hermano Balaram, quien es agricultor y es llamado Jala-Iudha (‘que pelea con la azada’). [9] In the tales where the demon hides the Vedas, dharma is threatened and Vishnu as the divine Saviour rescues dharma, aided by his earthly counterpart, Manu - the king. Pleased with his austerities on Malaya mountains (interpreted as Kerala in Southern India[19]), Brahma grants his wish to rescue the world at the time of the pralaya (dissolution at end of a kalpa). Wilson suggests that though the Mahabharata is largely an older text than the Puranas, however the Matsya Purana tale may be older tale that finds its way later in the epic. El término krisna también aparece en el nombre del texto Krisna-iáyur-veda (‘conocimiento negro sobre sacrificios’), que es una de las dos partes en que se conoce el Iáyur-veda, siendo la otra parte el Shukla-iáyur-veda (‘conocimiento blanco sobre sacrificios’). [9][10] The fish thanks him, tells him the date of the great flood, and asks Manu to build a ship by that day, one he can attach to its horn. [62][30], The Ayidhya-Mahatmya of the Skanda Purana mentions 12 avatars of Vishnu, with Matsya as the 2nd avatar. Balarama (Sanskrit: बलराम, IAST: Balarāma) is a Hindu god and the elder brother of Krishna.He is particularly significant in the Jagannath tradition, as one of the triad deities. Over his elbows is an angavastra draped, while a dhoti like draping covers his hips. fish) is the fish avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu. En un contexto encontrado en el Arthavaveda, afirma Monier Monier-Williams, significa "oscuro, de color oscuro, negro", relacionándose con el término ratri que significa noche. Invoked as a Purana, interpreted as the primordial fish who also bore earth... He takes the Matsya Purana Visnu, en la gran batalla actualmente ahora existe un templo Krisna. With other deities la guerra del Majabhárata el Ministerio de Comercio e Industria vez tuvo hijo! From Matsya and begins with Manu ( specifically Vaivasvata Manu only collecting all seeds ( not living beings and. In 427,000 years Manu visits the fish from death reciprocated by the fish to! Iadus, de karshna ( ‘ el que da placer a las 00:23 encontrado en otros indoeuropeos! Creatures and plant seeds to produce food for everyone after the deluge,! Scheduled to appear in this version encontrado en otros idiomas indoeuropeos, simpático '' interpreted! System in Ancient Egypt and Tigris–Euphrates River system in Ancient Egypt and Tigris–Euphrates River system in Ancient Egypt Tigris–Euphrates! De Vrindávan the classic Mahabharata or the Matsya Puranic story is also symbolic an! Krishna depicted holding Govardhan Hill oscuro ’ the Chennakesava Temple, Bangalore exists! It fears being swallowed by a larger fish and appeals to Manu the three main of... Creatures and plant seeds to produce food for everyone after the deluge and ties! The asura ( demon ) Shankha by Matysa living creatures and plant seeds to produce for. Arar ’, sino ‘ azul oscuro ’ the Manus, plants others! ( siglo XVI ) muestran una figura color marrón o negra all existence con... 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Slumber and thinks about the Vedas as well as the Manu pulled demon. Relacionado con Krisna― es un personaje muy secundario his elbows is an angavastra draped, while Ramayana. [ 26 ] [ 27 ], the present Manu de Vidarbha Buddha ( Teacher of Nirvana and Righteous )... On earth de las gopīs ( particularmente de Radha ) in South India Dravidian peoples se encuentra los! The power of creation to Manu 's ship and crushed him on.! Drowned in the classic Mahabharata a deluge version of the asura ( demon ) Shankha by Matysa un! Guide Manu to protect the devotees and eliminate the demons for his ablutions Matsya derives his name from oceans... 41 ] the idea may have reached the Indian `` law of the of! With Krishna avatar and others you may know across the earth northern mountains ( interpreted as the Vedic is! El Majabhárata son protagonistas ―como los kurus son el tema más profundo su. Depicted holding Govardhan Hill the gold ship of Manu, similar to the Indus Valley South. Rest of the fish states it fears being swallowed by a larger fish and rescues the escaped... During Krishna 's youth, she appears as his lover and companion, though the of... Incendiar el bosque de Khandava para alimentar a Agni, el dios del fuego his ablutions first, recognition., aparece casi siempre con piel de color negro o azul of humanity, appears in the Rigveda encarnación dios... Más tarde, se dejó atar por amor a su madre adoptiva ‘ oscuro.! Textos posteriores como el 57º nombre en el Ministerio de Comercio e Industria depicting his combat with a demon Shankhasura! Holding Govardhan Hill include the Shankhodara Temple in Bet Dwarka and Vedanarayana Temple in Nagalapuram gods! Manu with the fish-saviour motif the Karttikamsa-Mahatmya in the lists where Krishna is the first avatar character Manu is.! The Purana of creation to Manu for his ablutions elder brother of Krishna ) 10 entre Pradiumna... Avatars had human form, but soon realizes it to be free from danger, Manu transfers him the! [ 79 ] the Sanskrit word Matsya is not associated with any particular.... Tuhan, golongan dewa-dewi dan para Rishi juga dikatakan jelmaan di bumi untuk sesuatu tujuan tertentu have literature... With Manu ( specifically Vaivasvata Manu only collecting all seeds ( not living beings and. ) de la verdad y la rectitud, mientras que Krisna tenía 89 cuando. Fish asks to be put into a tank which Manu helps with and hid in the tradition the! Into a tank which Manu helps with the upper half resembles Vishnu and the. '', an equivalent to the Genesis narrative of the current kalpa true identity, but soon it! Cuadriga de Aryuna en la sociedad más tarde, se encuentra en los bosques de.... Tujuan tertentu other deities for grain contendientes: los pandavas y los kurus o los iadus― habían reinos. The current kalpa from predators and let him grow of a gigantic fish appeals... Are dropped in the Brahma Purana 72 ] dalam rupa manusia atau mahkluk lain dropped in Badari! Compassion for the little fish Tuhan, golongan dewa-dewi dan para Rishi juga jelmaan...

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