, The proposed Navi Mumbai International airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and will help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport.  The Delhi Sultanate annexed the islands in 1347–48 and controlled it until 1407.  Thadomal Shahani Engineering College is the first and the oldest private engineering college affiliated to the federal University of Mumbai and is also pioneered to be the first institute in the city's university to offer undergraduate level courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology.  Mumbai's transport system has been categorised as one of the most congested in the world. , By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati, Kannada and Sindhi, and as Bambai in Hindi. , The municipal commissioner is the chief executive officer and head of the executive arm of the municipal corporation. A colloquial form of Hindi, known as Bambaiya – a blend of Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu, Indian English and some invented words – is spoken on the streets.  For several decades it has been the home of India's main financial services, and a focus for both infrastructure development and private investment. Its population as per the 2011 census was 12,442,373. , Every February, Mumbai holds derby races at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse. , The Mughal Empire, founded in 1526, was the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent during the mid-16th century. . JSS Medical College and Hospital was established in the year 1984 which is spread over with an area of 43 acres.  Other parties such as Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), Samajwadi Party (SP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), and several independent candidates also contest elections in the city. This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period.  In the Indian Super League, Mumbai City FC represents the city; , The religious groups represented in Mumbai as of 2011 include Hindus (65.99%), Muslims (20.65%), Buddhists (4.85%), Jains (4.10%), Christians (3.27%) and Sikhs (0.49%).  Shiv Sena switched from 'Marathi Cause' to larger 'Hindutva Cause' in 1985 and joined hands with Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) in the same year.  Trains are overcrowded during peak hours, with nine-car trains of rated capacity 1,700 passengers, actually carrying around 4,500 passengers at peak hours. The sex ratio in 2011 was 838 females per 1,000 males in the island city, 857 in the suburbs, and 848 as a whole in Greater Mumbai, all numbers lower than the national average of 914 females per 1,000 males. Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. The first was mainly a Muslim instigation as a result of the Babri Masjid demolition in the week immediately succeeding 7 December 1992 led by political leaders representing Hindutva in the city of Ayodhya.  Historian Barbara Metcalf has stated that the riots were anti-Muslim pogrom. The Bombay High Court on Thursday allowed 81-year-old poet Varavara Rao, accused in the Bhima Koregaon violence case, to continue to be in a … The report of the commission stated that the tolerant and secular foundations of the city were holding even if a little shakily.  Mumbai also has two lower courts, the small causes court for civil matters, and the sessions court for criminal cases. The Shiv Sena government rejected its recommendations.  Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen & Toubro, State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance), and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai.  Northern Mumbai (Salsette) is hilly, and the highest point in the city is 450 m (1,476 ft) at Salsette in the Powai–Kanheri ranges. , By 1845, the seven islands coalesced into a single landmass by the Hornby Vellard project via large scale land reclamation. BMC starts to find solution", "Three drown as heavy rain lashes Mumbai for the 3rd day", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Station: Mumbai (Colaba) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Normals Data: Bombay/Colaba - India Latitude: 18.90°N Longitude: 72.82°E Height: 9 (m)", "Air pollution killed 81,000 in Delhi & Mumbai, cost Rs 70,000 crore in 2015. Jambhekar in Mumbai grain spirit from continental Europe Indo-Saracenic styled buildings such as the Gateway of.. 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