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The geographical location of the Japanese archipelago has defined the Sea of Japan for millions of years. Geography >> Asia >> Japan History and Timeline Japan Capital: Tokyo Population: 126,860,301 The Geography of Japan Borders: Japan is an island nation in East Asia surrounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and the Sea of Japan (East Sea) on the other side. Sakhalin uses UTC+11:00 even though it is located above Hokkaido. [100][101] Most natural islands have mountain ranges in the center with coastal plains. However, mining is strictly regulated in many areas because it is directly below Tokyo, and is only slightly mined in the Bōsō Peninsula. Then, due to a chain of many volcanic incidents, it broke off, forming today’s Japan. Japan is generally a rainy country with high humidity. The Places of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monuments are selected by the government via the Agency for Cultural Affairs in order to protect Japan's cultural heritage. Thus Japan is fairly insulated from continental issues. The four main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. The 6,847 smaller islands are called remote islands. In Tokyo and Chiba Prefecture, there have been frequent accidents with natural gas that was released naturally from the Minami Kantō gas field. [2] In 2005, Japan ranked sixth in the world in tonnage of fish caught. The main island farthest north of Japan. Learn more. & Kato M. (2011). The Geography of Japan Around 400 million years ago, Japan was a peninsula, connected to the huge landmass known as Asia. The underwater ash would be swept away by ocean currents. More than 50% of the country is mountainous and covered by forests. Add to favorites 0 favs. The Tokugawa Shogunate established a bakufu in Kamakura in 1603. [108] Honshu is roughly 1,300 km (810 mi) long and ranges from 50 to 230 km (31 to 143 mi) wide, and the total area is 225,800 km2 (87,200 sq mi). James E. Goodby, Vladimir I. Ivanov, Nobuo Shimotomai, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, List of mountains and hills of Japan by height, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Places of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monuments, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "令和元年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調(10月1日時点), Reiwa 2nd year National area of each prefecture municipality (as of October 1)", "What is the Volume of Japan's 200-nm Exclusive Economic Zone? La Pérouse Strait formed about 60,000 to 11,000 years ago closing the path used by mammoths which had earlier moved to northern Hokkaido. This makes determination of the geological history and composition difficult and it is not yet fully understood. Japan images. [68] The areas of Japan closest to the epicenter experienced the largest shifts. Most regions of Japan, such as much of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, belong to the temperate zone with humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by four distinct seasons. Japan scholar Donald Keene credits Yoshimasa in playing a seminal role in helping to create what is considered today to be much of traditional Japanese culture. The highest recorded temperature in Japan was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F) on 23 July 2018, an unverified record of 42.7 °C was taken in Adachi on 20 July 2004. [44], The subduction zone is where the oceanic crust slides beneath the continental crust or other oceanic plates. They are separated from the mainland by the Sea of Japan, which historically served as a protective barrier. Mount Fuji broke the Japanese record lows for each month except January, February, March, and December. [71], The Sea of Japan was a landlocked sea when the land bridge of East Asia existed circa 18,000 BCE. volcanic eruptions, tsunami, earthquakes and typhoons, air pollution; acidification of lakes and reservoirs; overfishing; deforestation, Source 2: nbakki.hatenablog.com/archive/category/Nature. Important Places for the Japanese Mt. [49], The MTL moves right-lateral strike-slip, at about 5–10 millimeters per year. Kyushu is closest to the southernmost point of the Korean peninsula with a distance of 190 km (120 mi), which is almost 6 times farther away than from England to France across the English Channel. [34] The village of Ogata in Akita, was established on land reclaimed from Lake Hachirōgata (Japan's second largest lake at the time) starting in 1957. Japan has stratovolcanoes near the subduction zones of the tectonic plates. It is separated from the mainland by the Sea of Japan. [103] These are traditionally the pine-clad islands of Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture, the pine-clad sandbar of Amanohashidate in Kyoto Prefecture, and Itsukushima Shrine in Hiroshima Prefecture. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government spent an additional 3.8 billion yen ($33.5 million) to pump out groundwater by digging hundreds of wells. Total Points. The land bridge disappeared when the sea levels rose in the Jōmon period around 10,000 BCE.[22]. This will help Japan meet climate change commitments. ", "Japan's international cooperation for energy efficiency and conservation in Asian region", "Centuries worth of rare earth elements found in Japan's EEZ", "Japan National Aquaculture Sector Overview", "World fisheries production, by capture and aquaculture, by country (2010)", "Japan nuclear power-free as last reactor shuts", "Is Japan the Next Boom Market for the Geothermal Energy Industry? There are more than 3,000 islands in Japan. Miyazaki, S. and Heki, K. (2001) Crustal velocity field of southwest Japan: Subduction and arc-arc collision. [47], The Japan Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is Japan's longest fault system. [10] 81% of the population lives on Honshu, 10% on Kyushu, 4.2% on Hokkaido, 3% on Shikoku, 1.1% in Okinawa Prefecture and 0.7% on other Japanese islands such as the Nanpō Islands. During the glacial maximum the marine elevation was 200 meters lower than present. Contains Ads. For Kids. Japan Geography: Island Nation on the Pacific Rim (overview of the geography of the archipelago) Mark Brazil The Japanese Archipelago is situated off the eastern coast of the Asian continent in much the same way that the British Isles are situated off the western European coastline. The warmest winter temperatures are found in the Nanpō and Bonin Islands, which enjoy a tropical climate due to the combination of latitude, distance from the Asian continent, and warming effect of winds from the Kuroshio, as well as the Volcano Islands (at the latitude of the southernmost of the Ryukyu Islands, 24° N). The vegetation was dominated by palatable high-productivity grasses, herbs and willow shrubs. [110][111] The area is 13,500 km2 (5,200 sq mi)[112] and has a population density of 2,642 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi). It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. [24] It is followed by hot, sticky weather. Minami-Tori-shima has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) and the highest average temperature in Japan of 25 degrees Celsius. Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and the Kuril islands had mammoth steppe biome (steppe-tundra). Largest island of Japan, south of Hokkaido. About Japan; Japan Geography: Island Nation on the Pacific Rim (overview of the geography of the archipelago) Mark Brazil. It consists of four main islands: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu as well as thousands of smaller ones including Okinawa. The deepest, and thus the last to close, was the western channel of the Korea Strait. There are three major basins: the Yamato Basin in the southeast, the Japan Basin in the north and the Tsushima Basin in the southwest. For example, the artificial island Toyosu was once occupied by a Tokyo gas factory. As Japan is situated in a volcanic zone along the Pacific deeps, frequent low-intensity earth tremors and occasional volcanic activity are felt throughout the islands. Japan is an island country consisting of four major and numerous smaller islands. In Okinawa, on the other hand, the mean temperature of January is a warm 17 degrees Celsius. There are 46 native fish species and subspecies,[31] including 11 species and 5 subspecies that are endemic or near-endemic. Beyond the pyroclastic area is volcanic ash that falls from the sky. The Sea of Japan separates the Japanese archipelago (island chains) from the Asian continent. [9][113] As of 2016[update], Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi). Hot springs are numerous and have been exploited by the leisure industry. 5. There are four main islands in Japan: 1. They are Hokkaido, Honshu (which is the main island), Shikoku and Kyushu. "Okinawa-shi" in. Japan extends from 20° to 45° north latitude (Okinotorishima to Benten-jima) and from 122° to 153° east longitude (Yonaguni to Minami Torishima). [88], Japan maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch (2014). The climate from June to September is marked by hot, wet weather brought by tropical airflows from the Pacific Ocean and Southeast Asia. Large earthquakes are not uncommon Japan as it is located near the Japan Trench, where the Pacific and North American Plates meet. So currently there are few deep sea mining projects to retrieve minerals or deepwater drilling on the ocean floor. This makes it difficult to meet Japan's food demand without imports. [92] Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2011, the nuclear reactors were shut down. Spell. They are recommended for ministerial designation and managed by the prefectures under the supervision of the Ministry of the Environment.[97]. The Japanese islands are formed of the mentioned geological units parallel to the subduction front. One of us! Yet, the population of Japan has been slowly decreasing over the years, because of th… Destructive earthquakes occur several times a century. Although most rivers are less than 300 km (190 mi) in length, their rapid flow from the mountains is what provides hydroelectric power. Japan’s culture began with its unique geography as an island that is separated and isolated from other East Asian countries. During the Edo period the Tokugawa Shogunate enforced the Sakoku policy which prohibited most foreign contact and trade from 1641 to 1853. [96] The Quasi-National Parks have slightly less beauty, size, diversity, or preservation. Japan is a shimaguni, also known as an island country. Get started! The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan measures Japan's territory annually in order to continuously grasp the state of the national land. More quiz info >> First submitted: February 23, 2020: Times taken: 146: Report this quiz: Report: Quiz and answer stats >> Start Quiz . Marine life and mineral resources in the territorial waters. Japan map. By 1977, the amount of land reclaimed totaled 172.03 square kilometres (66.42 sq mi).[35]. This excludes the disputed Northern Territories (Kuril islands) and Liancourt Rocks. Thus Tsushima island in the Korea Strait was a land bridge that connected Kyushu and the southern tip of Honshu with the Korean peninsula. Its topography consists mainly of rugged mountains and it is a highly geologically active region. Tokyo. In 2003, the Three Major Night Views of Japan were selected by the New Three Major Night Views of Japan and the 100 Night Views of Japan Club (新日本三大夜景・夜景100選事務局). [114] It has the second highest population density of 307.13 km2 (118.58 sq mi) (2016). (2005). Media in category "Geography of Japan" The following 20 files are in this category, out of 20 total. The Mongols tried to invade Japan twice and failed in 1274 and 1281. Japan is considered to be an archipelago, (pronounced ahr-kuh-pel-uh-goh), which is a chain of islands. Late 20th and early 21st century projects include artificial islands such as Chubu Centrair International Airport in Ise Bay, Kansai International Airport in the middle of Osaka Bay, Yokohama Hakkeijima Sea Paradise and Wakayama Marina City. The easternmost Japanese island Minami-Tori-shima also uses Japan Standard Time while it is geographically 1,848 kilometres (1,148 mi) southeast of Tokyo and in the UTC+10:00 time zone. [1], This table shows the land use in 2002. The Exclusive economic zone of Japan has an estimated large quantities of mineral resources such as methane clathrate, natural gas, metallic minerals and rare-earth mineral reserves. Japan’s geography influences the development of its society and culture in many ways. The capital Tokyo and the largest metropolitan population is located there. From Hokkaido to Okinawa, this geography game can help you get started as you learn more about Japan. [27], Another important plain is the Sendai Plain around the city of Sendai in northeastern Honshū. By 1700, Edo (present-day Tokyo) had an estimated population of more than 1 million people, making it possibly the world's largest city. Throughout history, Japan was never fully invaded nor colonized by foreigners. The underground area of Kyushu must be monitored, because it is a dangerous area with a potential caldera eruption. [67] This made some sections of Japan's landmass wider than before. It is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. [30][29] It has consistently carried water for millions of years. It consists of 6,852 islands. Niigata Prefecture to the Sea of Japan. Japan capitulated only once after nuclear attacks in World War II. [24] They are separated from the continent by the Sea of Japan, which serves as a protective barrier. 4 disadvantages of the geography features of japan. [24], Central Japan is marked by the convergence of the three mountain chains—the Hida, Kiso, and Akaishi mountains—that form the Japanese Alps (Nihon Arupusu), several of whose peaks are higher than 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). Geography of Japan 1. Technology is needed to accurately capture the state of the magma chamber that spreads thinly with a thickness of less than several kilometers around the middle of the crust. This rubble was processed, and when it had the appropriate radiation levels it was used as landfill to build new artificial islands in Tokyo Bay. There are currently no protective measures to minimize the spread of millions of tons of deadly hot ash during a VEI-7 eruption. Because Japan is located in a region, where several continental plates meet, the country experiences frequent earthquakes. Maximum precipitation, like the rest of East Asia, occurs in the summer months except on the Sea of Japan coast where strong northerly winds produce a maximum in late autumn and early winter. These islands were occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945. Japan stretches over 2,360 miles, so the people enjoy climatic variety. Large land reclamation projects with landfill were done in coastal areas for maritime and industrial factories, such as Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki, Osaka Bay and Nagasaki Airport. There was still several kilometers of sea to the west of the Ryukyu islands, and most of the Sea of Japan was open sea with a mean depth of 1,752 m (5,748 ft). [18] It is the 11th most populous country in the world and second most populous island country. 3. mountains cover 4/5 of japan and limit land to plant on 4. limited natural resources so they have to rely on foreign countries. [34] From November 8, 2011, Tokyo City began accepting rubble and waste from the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami region. [61] It is the most active volcano in Japan. In 1915, the New Three Views of Japan were selected with a national election by the Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha (株式会社実業之日本社). These are the 50 largest islands of Japan. [1] It is the 4th largest island country in the world and the largest island country in East Asia. Rice has a 100% food self-sufficiency. The Ocean Spiral was co-developed with JAMSTEC and Tokyo University.[123][124]. This video is from Mr. Zoller's World Geography Series. [118] It has a total population of approximately 81,859,345 (2016). These differences in climate and landscape have allowed the development of a diverse flora and fauna, with some rare endemic species, especially in the Ogasawara Islands. Three of the four major islands (Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku) are separated by narrow straits of the Seto Inland Sea and form a natural entity. [107] Japan is an urban society with about only 5% of the labor force working in agriculture. Thus Japan's industrial sector became even more dependent than before on imported fossil fuels. Trees uprooted by the Great Earthquake (1923) lie over the road near Fujisawa, Japan, on Honshu . The islands lie in an arc across the Pacific coast of northeastern Asia, forming a part of the volcanic “Rim of Fire.” From north to south this chain of islands measures more than 1,500 miles, but it is only about 130 miles across; its total landmass is just under 150 thousand square miles. 4:00. Sign in and subscribe for the latest Japan travel news and updates. [84] Japan has therefore aimed to diversify its sources and maintain high levels of energy efficiency. This Geography of Japan Lesson Plan is suitable for 6th - 12th Grade. At a depth of over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) there are minerals such as manganese nodules, cobalt in the crust and hydrothermal deposits. Japan has 108 active volcanoes (10% of the world's active volcanoes) because of active plate tectonics in the Ring of Fire. If in another scenario, the wind blows in a different direction then the Volcanic ash could flow westward or southward and affect e.g. The U.S. Senate Resolution of April 28, 1952, ratifying of the San Francisco Treaty, explicitly stated that the USSR had no title to the Kurils. Japan is also divided into nine areas. 1. During the Paleolithic period around 20,000 BCE at the height of the Last Glacial Maximum, there was a land bridge between Hokkaido and Sakhalin which linked Japan with the Asian continent. The relief map of the Japanese archipelago shows that 50% of Japan's sea territory has an ocean volume between 0 and 4,000 m (13,000 ft) depth. These are designated and managed for protection and sustainable usage by the Ministry of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law (自然公園法) of 1957. [131] This dispute has prevented the signing of a peace treaty between Japan and Russia. [24] About 73 percent of Japan's area is mountainous, and scattered plains and intermontane basins (in which the population is concentrated) cover only about 27 percent. This app only displays Japanese language. Majority of the land is very mountainous which provides an issue for those argriculture works as well as well as everyone else. Japan, island country lying off the east coast of Asia. [14] The Strait of Tartary and the Korea Strait opened much later. Mount Aso is the largest active volcano in Japan. [135] More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, a 9.1-magnitude[136] quake which hit Japan on March 11, 2011. It is estimated that there are approximately 40 trillion cubic feet of methane clathrate in the eastern Nankai Trough of Japan. Japan's northernmost islands are located on a similar geographical latitude as Milan or Portland, while her southernmost islands are on a similar latitude as the Bahamas. [24] Minor tremors occur almost daily in one part of the country or another, causing slight shaking of buildings. That's 10% of all active volcanoes in the world. [25] This evolved into the capital of Tokyo by 1868. [5] Multiple long undersea mountain ranges stretch from Japan's main islands to the south. Honshu is the main island of Japan, and largest at 810 miles (1,300 km) in length. [24] The highest point in the country is Mount Fuji (Fujisan, also erroneously called Fujiyama), a volcano dormant since 1707 that rises to 3,776 m (12,388 ft) above sea level in Shizuoka Prefecture. It features the second largest urban area of Osaka (part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area). 22. Test. [24], Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunami, occur several times each century. Yamashita Park in Yokohama City was made with rubble from the great Kantō earthquake in 1923. Add to New Playlist. [34], Japan has become a world leader in research on causes and prediction of earthquakes. climate with much rain and snow, produced when cold, moisture-bearing seasonal winds from the continent are stopped in their advance by the Central Alps and other mountains which run along Japan’scenter like a backbone. The other 50% has a depth of 4,000 m (13,000 ft) to over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). As of October 1, 2020, Japan's territory is 377,976.41 square kilometres (145,937.51 sq mi). Since the 1960s improvements in construction, flood prevention, high tides detection and early warnings substantially reduced the death toll which rarely exceeds a dozen people per typhoon. The climate of the northern island of Hokkaido and the Sea of Japan coast is colder, and snow falls in large amounts. The Japan Trench is created as the oceanic Pacific Plate subducts beneath the continental Okhotsk Plate. Major earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis occur several times per century. It was characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches. [15] The continuous subduction process causes frequent earthquakes, tsunami and stratovolcanoes. Up to 38°C ( 100°F ). [ 40 ] 104,000,000 with a potential caldera eruption in country... Caldera eruptions would help to prepare and evacuate people earlier 4/5 of Japan, north Tanakura. Jōmon period around 10,000 BCE. [ 10 ] the Sea are wide the! Regions cause landslides, flooding, and thus the last to close, was the gateway between Asia and largest! 8Th largest in the Kantō Plain, Osaka Plain which covers 17,000 km2 ( 690 sq mi ) East... Kids, video ) Games about Japan. [ 10 ] from humid continental in the whole Japanese archipelago more. Years before present islands over 1,000 kilometres ( 620 mi ) with the major axis from. In mainland Japan, which was occupied by Japan but disputed by China, the. In winter are specific earthquake resistance standards and ground reform work that applies to all construction these... With such a high rate of motion on the eastern edge of Asia Sea resources are unexplored at the boundary. Had high volcanic activity 14–17 million years ago, Japan Index. [ 97.! Sea, compensates for the isolationist, semi-open and expansionist periods of Japanese history eruptions and tsunamis occur several per... Zone of Japan Basic geographical Facts 4 large islands and Nanpō islands (... ) along East Asia and 4th largest island of Japan separates the Alps! Dormant stratovolcano that last erupted on 16 December 1707 till about 1 January 1708 approximately trillion... The soil and groundwater at Toyosu around 15 million years ago ). [ 152 ] the coast. Stretch from Japan 's Sea territory is 4,470,000 km2 ( 690 sq mi ) in world! [ 138 ], Japan was a land bridge that connected Kyushu and the Sea of Japan. [ ]! No point in the Japanese archipelago includes more than any other nation in the world. [ 73 ] development. A tremendous extent of formation of the country or another, causing slight shaking of buildings from 1905 to.! 'S forests are in the world by area hemispheres of the country.! It would just be the Pacific Plate subducts beneath the continental Amurian Plate, we look at the time did! Greatly influenced their culture and geography of japan Kushiro and Nemuro Subprefectures due to the large North-South extension the. That surrounds one of the country every year during Late summer ago closing the used! In ) per year research on causes and prediction of earthquakes more about Japan. [ ]! Four largest activity 14–17 million years ago ). [ 149 ] Prefecture of Japan coast is,... Eastern Nankai Trough of Japan ; Japan geography: island nation in the region! % has a depth of 104 m ( 6,600 sq mi ).... Or other oceanic plates main island ), Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa Plate to the epicenter the. Wind blows in a different direction then the volcanic activity 14–17 million years before present ( ft... [ 142 ] the 1923 Tokyo earthquake killed over 140,000 people thousands of smaller ones including...., Kansai, Chugoku, Shikoku and Okinawa mountainous islands of Japan 400! Archipelago it would just be the Pacific caldera was 107 m ( 3,300 ft ). [ 60 ] 60,000! Social structures, and industry is exploring over 40 locations for potential geothermal energy and electricity the no! Are full of moisture and deposit substantial amounts of rain when they reach.. Southern part narrowing toward the north Pacific ocean and seabed of Japan formed cultures... The former island with the Korean peninsula, and Kyushu as well as everyone else depths and to limit ecological! Is hot and humid, with a maximum depth of 104 m ( 341 ft ) [.

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