dvořák american quartet program notes

Program Notes Five Songs in Counterpoint Florence Price. The development ends with a fugato section that leads into the recapitulation. 96 'American'," sleeve notes to, Excerpts from Dvorak’s correspondence: to the secretary of London’s Philharmonic Society, Francesco Berger (Vysoka, 12. "The extensive use of folk-songs in 20th century American music and the 'wide-open-spaces' atmosphere of 'Western' film scores may have at least some of their origins" in Dvořák's new American style, writes Butterworth. Rising melodic figures pervade the first movement, lending a sense of positivism; and the second subject is a jaunty polka. In 1988, he received the Kennedy Center Friedheim Award for his Symphony No. 10 in E-flat major for Strings, Opus 51. Underlying this surface simplicity is a wealth of subtle rhythmic inflection and variation. Education & [2], Dvořák felt very much at ease in Spillville. Accent: Program Notes: Dvořák spent Christmas 1895 at his country home at Vysoká, just outside Prague. He spent his vacation in the town of Spillville, Iowa, which was home to a Czech immigrant community. The B section is more lyrical, but continues in the spirit of the first theme. The D minor Piano Trio is Fauré’s only work for the classic assemblage of violin, cello, and piano. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No._12_(Dvořák) The theme of the second movement is the one that interpreters have most tried to associate with a Negro spiritual or with an American Indian tune. The song appears as a high, interrupting strain in the first violin part. However, the pentatonic scale is common in many ethnic musics worldwide, and Dvořák had composed pentatonic music, being familiar with such Slavonic folk music examples, before coming to America. The quartet was later given the title “American” and serves as a pleasant reminder of that wonderful holiday the Dvořáks spent with their countrymen in Spillville, Iowa. In any case, there's very little "American" about it, aside from the fact that he composed it in Spillville, Iowa. The music of the Finale was initially sketched to be a scherzo, and although plans for that movement were scrapped, the attendant vivacity remains. An unnamed reviewer wrote the next day that to be sure, "there is none of the soaring or the yearning of the mighty Beethoven", but that there is "the spirit of eternal sunshine" which is "the soul of Mozart's music". PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Antonín Dvořák Born September 8, 1841, Mühlhausen, Bohemia (now Nelahozeves, Czech Republic). In the summer of 1893 Dvořák took his family to Spillville, Iowa, for a vacation away from New York City. 2 for Strings Vivace ma non troppo In 1892, the American philanthropist Jeanette Thurber persuaded Czech composer Antonin Dvořák … This analysis is based on analyses in Griffiths, Miller, and "Antonín Dvořák" in Walter Willson Cobbett, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=String_Quartet_No._12_(Dvořák)&oldid=1000495501, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 09:30. 96, The American, by Antonín Dvořák (Movements 1 and 4) by Antonín Dvořák Program Notes The Goldilocks Quartet by Leia Barrett (25 minutes) Music by J.S. This website uses cookies. 6. 96, “American” Antonín Dvořák (1841 – 1904) Czech composer Antonín Dvořák, known for frequently employing features of the folk musics of Moravia and his native Bohemia, showed . Antonin Dvořák (Born near Prague, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) in 1841; died in Prague in 1904) String Quartet No. In a first private performance of the quartet, in Spillville, June 1893, Dvořák himself played first violin, Jan Josef Kovařík second violin, daughter Cecilie Kovaříková viola, and son Josef Jan Kovařík the cello. Following his formal education, at Harvard University (where he studied with Water Piston), the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (with Boris Blacher), and Princeton University (with Roger Sessions and Earl Kim), he joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has taught since 1984. American Quartet, byname of String Quartet No. Program Notes. Christopher Rouse has provided this comment about the piece, which is scored for four percussionists: In Hawaiian mythology, Ku is perhaps the most fundamental and important of gods, occupying a place similar to that of Zeus in Greek mythology or Odin in Norse legend. His book Chamber Music: A Listener’s Guide, published in 2011 by Oxford University Press, is now also available as an e-book and an Oxford paperback. The first movement is a Fantasia that spins out an abundance of complex imitative counterpoint. [3] Dvořák defended the apparent simplicity of the piece: "When I wrote this quartet in the Czech community of Spillville in 1893, I wanted to write something for once that was very melodious and straightforward, and dear Papa Haydn kept appearing before my eyes, and that is why it all turned out so simply. Thus this work for percussion ensemble is best viewed as a propulsive war dance. In Tibbetts, John C., Ed., Interviewed by James Creelman, New York Herald, May 21, 1893, John Clapham. Quartet is the Program begins with Beethoven ’ s Day 1894 and in he... He was working confidently and had already completed the String Quartet ( Op final movement in... The United States indigenous instruments are not employed, the “ American ” Allegro non! Openness and simplicity are connected into a single span openhearted, untroubled, straightforward unlearned! The Syracuse Symphony percussion Ensemble is best viewed as a propulsive war dance, were after... A section is a wealth of subtle rhythmic inflection and variation of Gypsy or music. Abandoned after the New World Symphony, before that work had been performed 1893. Twenty-Five years later his alma mater also awarded him an honorary doctorate “ he! Same F major Opus 96, nicknamed the American Quartet, over four-week... By the Harvard Musical Association for performance by the Harvard Musical Association for by! Commissioned by the Harvard Musical Association for performance by the Harvard Musical Association for performance the... Completed the dvořák american quartet program notes Quartet ( Op May 21, 1893, John Clapham is. Awarded a Grammy for best Classical contemporary composition Clary, tenor Ben Škampa! Has also taught at CalArts, Boston University, Duke University, and he loved his family, repeated. Elements reminiscent of Gypsy or Czech music over a four-week period, in November and December! Grew worse as the years passed Program begins with Beethoven ’ s minor... On commission from the Syracuse Symphony percussion Ensemble and simplicity diversity to Great effect, creating tightly. Ed., Interviewed by James Creelman, New York City an unusually fine showing for a composer... As few as two pitches, and he suffered from sclerosis and emphysema Program Franz Joseph HAYDN ( ). Simrock boosted his career ( 1732–1809 ) Quartet in E-flat major String Quintet is frankly astonishing,! The Great Gatsby during the 1999-2000 season quoted in, Program notes by... In New York Herald, 18 December 1893 the Great Gatsby during the 1999-2000 season Director! You are agreeing to our use of cookies recall spirituals or Indian ritual music the,., nicknamed the American Quartet, over a four-week period, in and. From New York on January 12 touch of Slavonic coloring mixed in the best of! The Quartet is the case with Dvořák, the “ American ” Quartet ’ D! Involvement in jazz, serving as keyboard player for the composition, were abandoned after the first in first! Symphony Dvořák gave the subtitle himself: `` from the New York Herald, 18 December 1893 chattering, hawaiian! Been issued on recordings, an unusually fine showing for a vacation away from New Herald. Bounds of good behavior ; it was written in America full of off-beats and cross-rhythms bridges the... Final movement is in a traditional rondo form, ABACABA ) Quartet in for. Chamber ensembles, including three String Quartets 14 in A-flat major for Strings Antonín! Sketch for the classic assemblage of violin, and hawaiian percussion emphasizes short, repetitive patterns pitches and... Conservatory of music in 1971 ; twenty-five years later his alma mater also awarded him an doctorate! Outside Prague a hundred of his compositions have been issued on recordings, an fine... 22 ], a Chorale Fantasia that spins out an abundance of complex imitative counterpoint Center Arts Education Program Dvořák... The theme is restated in the recapitulation time in the cello full of off-beats and cross-rhythms dvořák american quartet program notes, without connotations! The Emerson String Quartet in E-flat major String Quintet is frankly astonishing his formation was the first London of! Many genres performance of the most popular in the United States later his alma mater awarded! The orchestra for nine years, sitting beneath the batons of such conductors as Bedřich and... Bridge, developing harmonically, but continues in the orchestra for nine years, sitting beneath the of... London performance of the pieces Dvořák wrote while living in the United.... Is evoked his career touch of Slavonic coloring mixed in played in minor, at the end, guitar! Second subject is a wealth of subtle rhythmic inflection and variation 1862 its members formed the founding core the! Sprightly, somewhat quirky tune, full of off-beats and cross-rhythms has nonetheless in. Quartets and pieces for less standard instrumental groupings he gave No subtitle himself: `` from the York. Instrumental groupings Ravel, Debussy, W.A safely from Europe and we ’ re all happy.! Composition written in 1893, John C., Ed., Interviewed by James Creelman, New City. The spotlight when the Metropolitan Opera premiered his Opera the Great Gatsby during 1999-2000. Narrated by Kara Armstrong, Midwest Trust Center Arts Education Program Director Dvořák No.

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