Hailing from Guyana and the Northern Amazon basin, Severum (Heros severus) have a similar body shape to the Discus, but do not grow as large (7” max). Due to some similar features, they are often confused with several other species belonging to the Cichlids family. The tail and dorsal fins are whitish with yellow spots. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. In general they have a moderate care level, and with proper care and adequate tank conditions the Banded Cichlids can live up to 10 years. Suitable tankmates include Angelfish, Plecos, Horseface Loaches, Brown Hoplos, Ropefish, Barbs, and similar sized Gouramis. The tank water can either be fresh or brackish and the… Red Shoulder Severum (Cichlasoma severum, Heros Rotkeil). Depending on the age and size, the female will lay up 1000 eggs and the male will fertilize them. They can also be kept with peaceful species. Cichlids in general have a well-deserved reputation for being nasty, and beating up on their tankmates. The minimum tank size required for these fish is a 50-gallon tank – single fish. These fishes add attractive and eye catchy colors to the fresh water aquarium. After this is done, the breeding mates should be separated as the male may become overly aggressive towards other males in a bid to protect and defend their territory. Severum are found in calm, deeper, slower moving rivers and tributaries, as well as tannin stained floodplain lakes, usually around submerged branches and tree roots. However, the Red Spotted Severum are primarily a color variant of the Golden Severum. Water Parameters: Domestic Severums do best in waters with these parameters based on my experience (these were a very popular fish among my clients): A temperature of 74 - 84° F (24 - 29° C). What are the suitable tank mates for Banded Cichlids? Min Tank Size: Nothing smaller than a 75 gallon. They are semi-aggressive and territorial too, so they are most suitably housed in a singular tank or with other social species but with a large enough tank and lots of rock and caves to provide territorial boundaries. The female will tend to the eggs while the male keeps an eye on the perimeter to defend it from intruders. Since, the demand for Convict Cichlids are less in the hobby, you need to decide if you want to raise them or not. The Golden Severum has a pale yellowish gold color with a yellow anal, pelvic and pectoral fins. Severum Alternative Name(s): Banded Cichlid Scientific Name(s): Heros efasciatus Category: Cichlid Difficulty: Maximum Size: 25cms Minimum Tank Volume: 210 litres Minimum Tank Size: 48" x 15" x 18" Water Temperature Range: 22-29°C Water pH Range: 5.5-7.0 Water Hardness Range: 1-8 dGH Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. Every leftover should be removed as soon as they are done eating. The Gold Severum is a highly popular and relatively peaceful New World cichlid species whose coloration makes it a standout in almost any aquarium! Setting up the ideal aquarium for the Golden and Red Spotted Severum should be done to mimic the comfort of their wild counterparts in their natural habitat. Tank compatibility A reasonably peaceful large Cichlid, can be kept a little like Discus by way of temperament. Severums are an excellent beginner South American Cichlid due to their ease of care, manageable temperament, and low cost. For this, driftwood, rocks, and caves will do since they mimic natural division in territories. Also increasing the water temperature will encourage breeding. efasciatus , formerly H. severus ) is a very popular mid-sized cichlid that has been … The temperature should range from 73-77°F. In the wild they would primarily feed on live foods including small prey. Shrimp, Earthworms, bloodworms, mealworms, small insect larvae, marine crustaceans and smaller live prey including fishes are meaty live food enjoyed by these species. They can also be fed frozen foods such as the frozen brine shrimp and frozen bloodworms. Severum Cichlid Breeding Convict Cichlids ... Convict Cichlid Fry Care. Just with every other species of the Cichlid genus, the Severum Cichlids, the back parts of the dorsal, anal, pelvic and pectoral fins have spiny rays to help wade off predators. Green Severum require an aquarium of 55 gallons for a pair and the aquarium should be larger (75-90 gallons) if multiple tank mates are added. They are suitable with other Cichlid species and with other species having the same semi-aggressive temperaments. The breeding process can be encouraged with the right water condition and feeding them adequately. They should also be fed with vegetables. Our fish and our customers are treated with the best of care, and we work energetically everyday to make sure every customer enjoys their new fishy friends. Feel free to get in touch using the Contact page! The convict cichlids are universally agreed upon to be the easiest to keep cichlids. Tetras – Neon Tetra (Paracheirodon innesi), Dwarf Angelfish – Golden Angelfish (Centropyge aurantia). Yes, they might be tempted to snack on a small neon tetra or the like, but Gold Severums are a peaceful fish, even though they are somewhat on the large side. Very beautiful fish to add to your aquarium! Diet: Omnivorous, Accepts all live, flake and frozen. Updated August 6, 2019Author: Mike - FishLore AdminSocial Media: The Hero Severum (Heros efasciatus) is known as the common severum - the fish pictured is actually a wild collected Heros notatus. They possess soft front fins which aids them for effortless swimming and accurate positioning in the water. Instead of a large feed once a day, they can be fed small quantities several times a day with just enough they could finish in 3-5 minutes. This would require a well-filtered and moderate moving 50 gallon tank having a slightly acidic pH level of 6.0-6.5, water hardness ranging from 4-6 dGH and a temperature of 23.3-28.9˚C, so getting a heater is something you should definitely consider. Large and aggressive species should be greatly avoided as they would make the tank uncomfortable for the Golden and Red Spotted Severum. Severum Cichlid - Origins. Severum Cichlid Aquarium Care Severum Cichlids are some what semi-aggressive & again it depends on the personality of the fish. corner tank that previously housed African Cichlids. Add a few plants as well as rocks, but leave adequate space for the fish to enjoy. Moreover, they can also be territorial, so they will require enough space to form and maintain their territory. These processed foods should be of high quality and vitamins enriched too. (After come careful acclimation of 2 tanks, I combined my Severums with the Africans and … Their diets can also be supplemented with high quality and vitamin enriched flaked food and pellets. Depending on their coloration and body patterns, there are different types of species belonging to this family, but this description refers to the two most common types: The Golden Severum (Heros severus) and The Red Spotted Severum (Heros efasciatus) with more interest on the beautifully colored Red Spotted Severum. They are also found in the Amazon river basins and the upper Negro river. They are a peaceful fish that will do well in a community tank setting. Approximate Purchase Size: Small: 1" to 1.5"; Medium: 1-1/2" to 2-1/2" The parents continue protecting the fry for up to 6 weeks, after which they can be moved to a separate tank for nursing until they are mature enough to explore other aquarium worlds. 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