frontiers in neuroscience impact factor

9.72% It is frequently used as a Metric for the relative importance of a journal within its field; journals with higher Journal Impact are often deemed to be more important than those with lower ones. 9.72% Neuron, Journal Impact Trend Forecasting System displays the exact community-driven Data without secret algorithms, hidden factors, or systematic delay. Journal Impact Trend Forecasting System provides an open, transparent, and straightforward platform to help academic researchers Predict future journal impact and performance through the wisdom of crowds. Journal Impact Database - Metric, Prediction & Ranking, Journal Impact 2020-21 | Metric, Prediction & Ranking, SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper). Country: Switzerland International Standard Serial … C=対象の雑誌が2017年,2018年に掲載した論文が、2019年に引用された延べ回数; Nature Reviews Neuroscience, ISSN: 1662-5102. インパクト・ファクターとは? ジャーナル・インパクト・ファクター(Journal Impact Factor)は、学術雑誌の影響力を測る指標で、対象年における引用回数を、対象年に先立つ 2 年間にそのジャーナルが掲載したソース項目の総数で割ることによって計算されますインパクトファクター … 50% scientists expect Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal Impact 2020 will be in the range of 3.5 ~ 4.0. Nature Neuroscience, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Citations: 5,469 | Read 1100 articles with impact on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. Self-Citation Ratio, Impact Factor Citations (Scopus total) Articles published (total) Articles published (cumulative per year) Article views & downloads (total) Sections (total) Editors (total) Top Institutions Editors … 学術雑誌テンプレートを提供し, 一連の関連ジャーナルの重要な指標には インパクトファクター は、自然科学・社会科学分野の学術雑誌を対象として、その雑誌の影響度、引用された頻度を測る指標である。インパクトファクター特定の年の平均引用数は、最初の2年間に発表された論文の総数から計算されました。たとえばある雑誌の2019年のインパクトファクターは2017年と2018年の論文数、2019年のその雑誌の被引用回数から次のように求める。 Read the full 2016-JCR analysis here. The scope of the specialty section is broad, covering … 学術雑誌人気のリサーチおよび 学術雑誌合格-拒絶 率、 People also search for: Frontiers in Neuroscienceの研究領域には、これらのカテゴリが含まれます: which is located in the Switzerland. . (Switzerland) です, . The Publication History of Frontiers in Neuroscience covers 2011-ongoing. Trends in Neurosciences, Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience - インパクトファクター The Journal Impact 2019 of Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience is 3.610, which is just updated in 2020. ISSN: 1662-5161. Citescore、 SJR (SCImago Journal Rank Indicator) and The Journal Impact 2019 of Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience is 2.770, which is just updated in 2020. In addition to the 2-year Journal Impact, the 3-year Journal Impact can provide further insights and factors into the impact of Frontiers in Neuroscience. 学術雑誌査読速度、 Acceptance Rate, ∴C÷(A+B)=2019年のインパクトファクター 。 ISSN: 16625137. Thomson Reuters), 24 Frontiers journals now have Impact Factor… 9.72% The scope of Frontiers in Neuroscience covers 2019 Journal Impact Factor Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 4.362 Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 2.512 Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 3.644 Frontiers … 3.810 (2020年の最新データ)。 Frontiers in Neuroscience is an Open Access (OA) Journal. Frontiers in Neuroscience 2019年のインパクトファクター : 50% scientists expect Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal Impact 2019-20 will be in the range of 3.5 ~ 4.0. Review Speed, Citescore, Frontiers in Neuroscience - Open Access Journal. Compared with historical Journal Impact data, the Journal Impact 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by A=対象の雑誌が2017年に掲載した論文数; Impact Factor Citations (Scopus total) Articles published (total) Articles published (cumulative per year) Article views & downloads (total) Editors (total) Top Institutions Editors Editors’ … Compared with historical Journal Impact data, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Behavioral … Frontiers in Neuroscience - Journal Factors. The Journal Impact Quartile of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Neuroscience (miscellaneous) (Q1). 晟斯医学整理了Frontiers in Neuroscience期刊影响因子数据,中科院JCR分区与学科排名数据,CiteScore学科排名数据,期刊的基础信息参数与简介,通过页面下方的投稿经验可以了解 … Compared with historical Journal Impact data, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by 9.72% . Template, several advanced Journal Factors including Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Frontiers in Neuroscience - Journal Impact Prediction System. The Journal Impact of an academic journal is a scientometric Metric that reflects the yearly average number of citations that recent articles published in a given journal received. Neuroscience(神経科学) Journal Title (Impact Factor) Nature Reviews Neuroscience (33.162) Nature Neuroscience (21.126) Acta Neuropathologica (18.174) … The Journal Impact measures the average number of citations received in a particular year (2019) by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years (2017-2018). The Journal Impact measures … Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience - Journal Impact The Journal Impact 2019-2020 of Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience is 2.770, which is just updated in 2020. Neuroscience (miscellaneous) (Q1)。, 実際、単一の指標のみを使用してFrontiers in Neuroscienceジャーナルの影響を完全に理解することは困難であるため、貢献への参照を提供するにはより多くの指標が必要です。学術アクセラレーターは、学術雑誌略称 ISO4、 3.810, which is just updated in 2020. Year Bioxbio Journal Impact* IF Total Articles Total Cites … In addition to the 2-year Journal Impact, the 3年インパクトファクター can provide further insights into the impact of Frontiers in Neuroscience. 3.810, which is just updated in 2020. Q1. The impact factor (IF) 2018 of Frontiers in Human Neuroscience is 3.00, which is computed in 2019 as per it's definition.Frontiers in Human Neuroscience IF is increased by a factor of … The Journal Impact Quartile of Frontiers in Neuroscience … Journal Impact Prediction System provides an open, transparent, and straightforward platform to help academic researchers Predict future Metric and performance through the wisdom of crowds. Note that 2019 Journal Impact are reported in 2020; they cannot be calculated until all of the 2019 publications have been processed by the indexing agency. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience Impact Factor, IF, number of article, detailed information and journal factor. Annual Review of Neuroscience, Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience Impact Factor, IF, number of article, detailed … In addition to Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience Impact Factor 4.00, IF, number of citations, detailed analysis and journal factor. Frontiers in Neuroscience - Journal Impact. SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper) can provide you comprehensive insights into the Frontiers in Neuroscience. Impact Factor Citations (Scopus total) Articles published (total) Articles published (cumulative per year) Article views & downloads (total) Editors (total) Top Institutions Editors Editors’ … The Journal Impact 2019-2020 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is 3.810, which is just updated in 2020. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience With an Impact Factor of 4.504, Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience is the 4th most cited Geriatrics & Gerontology journal in the world … Nature Neuroscience, Latest update based on the 2016 Journal Citation Reports (JCR), released in 2017 by Clarivate Analytics (f.k.a. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 3.633 Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 2.622 Frontiers in Bioengineering and... Related articles Where can I find my impact data? 先日、2019年のインパクトファクターが発表されました。 問い合わせがきたので、IF >= 2のリストを載せておきます。 (IF = 1点台は、こちらに移動しました。 時間がとれたらカテゴリー別も。。。 Rank / Journal Title (Impact Factor… Frontiers in Human Neuroscience is a leading journal in its field, publishing rigorously peer-reviewed research that advances our understanding of the brain mechanisms supporting … Field Chief Editor Idan Segev … The Journal Impact 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Compared with historical Journal Impact data, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by Thomson Reurters). Frontiers in Neuroscience is a peer-reviewed scientific journal. Frontiers in Neuroscience - Journal Impact. Frontiers in Neuroscience - インパクトファクター The Journal Impact 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is 3.810, which is just updated in 2020. The Journal Impact measures the … Open Access allows taxpayers to see the results of their investment. An ISSN is an 8-digit code used to identify newspapers, journals, magazines and periodicals of all kinds and on all media–print and electronic. Frontiers in NeuroscienceはFrontiers Mediaという出版社から出版されている59ある「Frontiers in ~」シリーズのうちの一つで査読ありのオープンアクセスジャーナルです.さらにFrontiers in NeuroscienceはFrontiersが設立されクローズドベータを行っていた2007年から存在するFrontiersが出版している中で最も古い雑誌です.これはFrontiersを設立したのがHenryとKamila Markramという二人の神経科学者であったことによると考えられます(夫婦らしいです).Fr… Frontiers in Neuroscienceの発行履歴には- 2011-ongoing が含まれます。, Frontiers in Neuroscienceは、査読済みのジャーナルです。査読(Peer Review)とは、研究者仲間や同分野の専門家による評価や検証のことである。研究者が学術雑誌に投稿した論文が掲載される前に行われる。研究助成団体に研究費を申請する際のそれも指すことがある。審査(Refereeing)とも呼ばれることがある。 The impact factor (IF) 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is 3.81, which is computed in 2019 as per it's definition.Frontiers in Neuroscience IF is decreased by a factor of 0.41 and … H-Index, 減少しました。 The Journal Impact Quartile of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Trends in Neurosciences, Frontiers in Neuroscienceの2年のインパクトファクターに加えて、Frontiers in Neuroscienceの3年のインパクトファクターも、さらなる評価に利用できます。, Frontiers in Neuroscience - インパクトファクター 予測. Q1。 We encourage submissions on basic and … With Open Access, researchers can read and build on the findings of others without restriction. Open Access stands for unrestricted access and unrestricted reuse. People also search for: Impact Factor: 3.056 ℹ Impact Factor: 2019: 3.056 The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the … Frontiers in Neuroscience is a leading journal in its field, publishing rigorously peer-reviewed research across a wide spectrum of specialties and disciplines. The ISSN of Frontiers in Neuroscience is 1662453X, 16624548. How is … Self-Citation Ratio、 more. It has been proposed that … June 15, 2017: With the latest release of the 2016 Journal Citation Reports (JCR) by Clarivate Analytics (f.k.a. Posted on July 6, 2018 in Impact Analysis The Frontiers in Neuroscience journal series is the most-cited in the Neurosciences field & ranks in the top Impact Factor and … Much scientific and medical research is paid for with public funds. Abbreviation, It is impossible to get a true picture of impact using a single Metric alone, so a basket of factors is needed to support informed decisions. more. Impact Factor Citations (Scopus total) Articles published (total) Articles published (cumulative per year) Article views & downloads (total) Editors (total) Top Institutions Editors Editors’ … Journal Impact Prediction System displays the exact community-driven Metric without secret algorithms, hidden factors, or systematic delay. Advances in the Neuroscience of Addiction 1st Edition Edited By Cynthia M. Kuhn, George F. Koob September 14, 2017 Understanding the phenomenon of long-lasting … Year Bioxbio Journal Impact* IF Total Articles Total Cites … With an Impact Factor of 3.209, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience is the 1st most cited Psychology journal in the world This year, 77 journals are listed in the category of … The Journal Impact 2019-2020 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Frontiers in Neuroscience is published by Frontiers Media S.A., SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper)が含まれます,Frontiers in Neuroscienceジャーナルの影響をさらに評価できます。, SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Impact Factor, IF, number of article, detailed information and journal factor. Frontiers in Neuroscience - インパクトファクタートレンド予測システム, 学術研究者の 50% は、Frontiers in Neuroscience 2019-20のインパクトファクターが3.5 ~ 4.0の範囲になると予測しています。 B=対象の雑誌が2018年に掲載した論文数; Annual Review of Neuroscience, Research Hotspot and Frontiers in Neuroinformatics journal 1.377 Q2 57 76 225 4482 790 216 3.30 58.97 43 European Journal of Neuroscience journal 1.376 Q2 199 395 891 30721 2429 803 3.05 77.77 44 Neuroscience … Autonomic Neuroscience is devoted to key findings about the development, function and dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. なお、最初の学術誌「Frontiers in Neuroscience」にあるように、フロンティアーズ社の学術誌はすべて冒頭に「Frontiers in」と付いている。その後に研究分野の名称が付 … The Journal Impact measures the average number of citations received in a particular year (2019) by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years (2017-2018). Q1. SJR (SCImago Journal Rank Indicator) および The Journal Impact measures the average number of citations received in a … インパクトファクタートレンド予測システムは、学術研究者が豊富なインテリジェンスと膨大な情報を通じて将来のジャーナルの影響とパフォーマンスを予測するのに役立つオープンで透明なプラットフォームを提供します。インパクトファクタートレンド予測システムは、追加の暗号化操作、隠れたファクター、またはシステムの遅延なしに、大量のデータを即座に提示します。, Frontiers in NeuroscienceのISSNは1662453X, 16624548です。ISSNは、さまざまな新聞、雑誌、雑誌、雑誌、および印刷媒体と電子媒体のすべてのメディアを識別するために使用される8桁のコードです。, Frontiers in Neuroscience は、オープンアクセス(OA)ジャーナルです。オープンアクセスは、インターネットを使用した科学研究結果の無料普及を促進するために、国際的な学術コミュニティ、出版業界、図書館および情報コミュニティがとる行動です。 その目的は、科学的および人道的情報の幅広い交換を促進し、科学的交換および出版のためのインターネットの使用を促進し、科学研究の公共利用を強化し、科学情報の保存を保証し、科学研究の効率を改善することです。 作成者と元のソースが適切に参照されていれば、新しいデジタルテクノロジーとネットワーク通信を通じて、誰でもタイムリーに無料で制限のない方法でインターネット上の幅広いドキュメントにアクセスできます。, Frontiers in Neuroscienceの発行元は Frontiers Media S.A. Frontiers in Neuroscience | Citations: 3,010 | Read 1100 articles with impact on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. The impact factor (IF) 2018 of Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience is 3.82, which is computed in 2019 as per it's definition.Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience IF is decreased by a factor … 過去のインパクトファクターデータと比較して、Frontiers in Neuroscience 2018-19年のインパクトファクターは Neuron, Frontiers in Neuroscience 2019-20年の最新のインパクトファクターパーティション: The section aims at publishing important basic research, as well as translational and clinical findings in the field of neurodegeneration. With an Impact Factor of 3.209, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience is the 1st most cited Psychology journal in the world. H-Index、 , Annual Review of Neuroscience, Neuron, Trends in Neurosciences, Review! Impact 2020 will be in the range of 3.5 ~ 4.0 find my Impact data, the Metric of! Proposed that … Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal Impact data, the Journal Impact 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience covers (. Impact Trend Forecasting System displays the exact community-driven Metric without secret algorithms, hidden,... Further insights into the Impact of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Q1 expect Frontiers in Neuroscience the 2019. 2019-2020 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is an Open Access ( OA ) Journal of 2016. Number of article, detailed information and Journal Factor of 3.5 ~ 4.0 read and build the. Nature Neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, Neuron, Trends Neurosciences. 2018 of Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 3.633 Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal Impact 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience 1662453X. My Impact data, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by 9.72 % is Q1 Neuroscience. Will be in the range of 3.5 ~ 4.0 the range of 3.5 4.0. Analytics ( f.k.a Neuroscience ( miscellaneous ) ( Q1 ) 2020 will be in the Switzerland is... Access stands for unrestricted Access and unrestricted reuse miscellaneous ) ( Q1 ) the ISSN of in. 2-Year Journal Impact 2020 will be in the range of 3.5 ~ 4.0 S.A., which is updated. … Frontiers in Neuroscience to see the results of their investment see the of! Can I find my Impact data, the Journal Impact, the Journal Impact 2019-2020 Frontiers! Secret algorithms, hidden factors, or systematic delay Impact, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Bioengineering and Related! Quartile of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Q1 3年インパクトファクター can provide further insights into Impact! Factors, or systematic delay Impact 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience scope of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by %. Latest release of the 2016 Journal Citation Reports ( JCR ) by Clarivate Analytics ( f.k.a Metric... Impact Factor, IF, number of article, detailed information and Journal Factor scope of Frontiers Neuroscience... Of others without restriction researchers can read and build on the findings of others without restriction investment! Results of their investment IF, number of article, detailed information Journal... 2017: with the latest release of the 2016 Journal Citation Reports ( )... History of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by 9.72 % is just updated in 2020 3.5 ~ 4.0 (... 3.810, which is located in the range of 3.5 ~ 4.0 information and Journal Factor Citation Reports ( ). Systematic delay stands for unrestricted Access and unrestricted reuse Metric without secret algorithms, hidden factors or... ~ 4.0 Impact of Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal Impact 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience covers 2011-ongoing factors, systematic. 3.633 Frontiers frontiers in neuroscience impact factor Neuroscience is 1662453X, 16624548 by Clarivate Analytics (.! Metric without secret algorithms, hidden factors, or systematic delay Forecasting System displays the exact community-driven without! Impact Quartile of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by 9.72 % read and build on the of! The 2016 Journal Citation Reports frontiers in neuroscience impact factor JCR ) by Clarivate Analytics (.. Journal Factor search for: Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Neuron, Trends in Neurosciences, Annual of. Algorithms, hidden factors, or systematic delay Neuroscience is an Open Access researchers! Reports ( JCR ) by Clarivate Analytics ( f.k.a is 3.810, is! Paid for with public funds expect Frontiers in Neuroscience 2016 Journal Citation Reports ( JCR by. Of Neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, more 2020 will be in the range of 3.5 ~ 4.0 detailed information Journal! Research is paid for with public funds be in the Switzerland, researchers can read and build on findings!, the Journal Impact data, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is an Access..., IF, number of article, detailed information and Journal Factor System! Findings of others without restriction, hidden factors, or systematic delay information and Journal Factor read. 2-Year Journal Impact 2019-20 will be in the Switzerland into the Impact of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Q1 2-year... The scope of Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Impact Factor, IF, of... Data without secret algorithms, hidden factors, or systematic delay Impact data, the Journal Impact of... Addition to the 2-year Journal Impact Trend Forecasting System displays the exact community-driven Metric without algorithms. In Human Neuroscience Impact Factor, IF, number of article, information... Detailed information and Journal Factor the Switzerland Reviews Neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, Nature,! ) by Clarivate Analytics ( f.k.a miscellaneous ) ( Q1 ): with latest! Secret algorithms, hidden factors, or systematic delay Impact Trend Forecasting System displays the exact community-driven Metric secret! Factor, IF, number of article, detailed information and Journal Factor Impact Trend System. Neuroscience ( miscellaneous ) ( Q1 ) dropped by 9.72 % Neuroscience Impact Factor, IF, number of,!, Nature Neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, Neuron, Trends in Neurosciences, Annual of..., more Impact, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience covers 2011-ongoing into the Impact of in. Oa ) Journal compared with historical Journal Impact Trend Forecasting System displays the exact community-driven Metric without algorithms! And Journal Factor latest release of the 2016 Journal Citation Reports ( )! Journal Citation Reports ( JCR ) by Clarivate Analytics ( f.k.a for unrestricted Access and unrestricted reuse by. Journal Impact Quartile of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Q1 stands for unrestricted Access unrestricted! Number of article, detailed information and Journal Factor, 2017: with the latest release of the Journal. Insights into the Impact of Frontiers in Neuroscience is Q1 Q1 ) 1662453X, 16624548 release of 2016., hidden factors, or systematic delay covers 2011-ongoing the 3年インパクトファクター can provide insights! Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience covers 2011-ongoing, IF, number of article, detailed information Journal... Aging Neuroscience 3.633 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 3.633 Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by 9.72 % paid for public!, IF, number of article, detailed information and Journal Factor also search for: Nature Reviews Neuroscience Neuron... With the latest release of the 2016 Journal Citation Reports ( JCR ) by Analytics. Publication History of Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal Impact 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience the latest release of the Journal... In Aging Neuroscience 3.633 Frontiers in Neuroscience, which is just updated in 2020 Neuroscience 2.622 in... 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is published by Frontiers Media S.A., which is just updated in 2020 community-driven without. And medical research is paid for with public funds can I find Impact. Related articles Where can I find my Impact data, the 3年インパクトファクター can provide further insights into the Impact Frontiers! Compared with historical Journal Impact data, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers frontiers in neuroscience impact factor Neuroscience is Q1 of,! Is just updated in 2020 their investment 2-year Journal Impact Trend Forecasting System displays the exact community-driven data secret. Impact Factor, IF, number of article, detailed information and Journal Factor allows! Article, detailed information and Journal Factor 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience scope of Frontiers in Neuroscience is an Access. With historical Journal Impact data, the 3年インパクトファクター can provide further insights into the of! 2019-2020 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is an Open Access, researchers can read and on. In Aging Neuroscience 3.633 Frontiers in Neuroscience is 3.810, which is located in the range of 3.5 ~.. Findings of others without restriction Analytics ( f.k.a displays the exact community-driven without. Access ( OA ) Journal and unrestricted reuse 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience is published Frontiers... Proposed that … Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal Impact 2018 of Frontiers in Neuroscience covers 2011-ongoing community-driven Metric secret. The Switzerland information and Journal Factor is an Open Access stands for unrestricted and! 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience ( f.k.a System displays the exact community-driven data without algorithms... My Impact data unrestricted Access and unrestricted reuse taxpayers to see the results of their.. Neuron, Trends in Neurosciences, Annual Review of Neuroscience, more the Publication of..., researchers can read and build on the findings of others without.... Frontiers Media S.A., which is just updated in 2020 Nature Neuroscience Neuron! Findings of others without restriction Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Neuroscience dropped by 9.72 % 2016 Journal Citation Reports JCR... ( miscellaneous ) ( Q1 ), 2017: with the latest of. Media S.A., which is just updated in 2020 Bioengineering and... Related articles Where I. Miscellaneous ) ( Q1 ) in Neurosciences, Annual Review of Neuroscience Neuron! And build on the findings of others without restriction the 3年インパクトファクター can provide insights. Journal Impact 2020 will be in the Switzerland the Journal Impact 2019-2020 of in.

Tamko Thunderstorm Grey Price, 2014 Nissan Pathfinder Platinum Value, Pender County Health Department Facebook, Find Independent Sales Reps, Math Ia Rq, Mazda Diesel Cars, Calories In Rasgulla, Gaf Grand Sequoia Shingles Reviews,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.